S S Losev. Losev S. Institut Radiologii, p. Colin C Registers.
Colin C. Rethinking Copyright: History, Theory, Language. Ronan Deazley. Jacket image: All rights reserved.
Issues in Definition of Public Domain in Modern Information Society
The Public Domain: Enclosing the Commons of the Mind. James Boyle.Marie Antoinette private domain & Kings Apartment
Boyle argues that just as every informed citizen needs to know at least something about the environment or civil rights, every citizen should also understand intellectual property law. Boyle identifies as a major problem the widespread failure to understand the importance of the public domain-the realm of material that everyone is free to use and share without permission or fee. The public domain is as vital to innovation and culture as the realm of material protected by intellectual property rights, he asserts, and he calls for a movement akin to the environmental movement to preserve it.
If we continue to enclose the "commons of the mind," Boyle argues, we will all be the poorer. Social Remembering, Privatization and its Discontents. Guy Pessach. Archives, museums and libraries are paradigmatic examples for traditional memory institutions. More specifically, I focus on privatization processes that networked memory institutions are increasingly undergoing.
Among other aspects, I examine the fundamental role of copyright law in facilitating and supporting these dynamics of privatization. The article then analyzes the consequences of privatizing memory institutions in the light of their unique social functions in a democratic culture.
Commercialization and unequal participation are two elements that characterize privatized memory institutions and that may conflict with a democratic vision of social remembering. Privatized memory institutions also avoid institutional separation between the social function of cultural production and the social function of cultural preservation.
The resulted outcome is that groups and sectors with dominant positions in contemporary media are able to reproduce, leverage and manipulate their social dominance from one generation to another.
The power to remember, as well as the power to forget, is thus gradually being concentrated in clusters of commercial enterprises with very particular interests, beliefs, ideologies and preferences. I conclude with several reform proposals for deprivatizing networked memory institutions. As general matter of policy, reduced copyright protection is also likely to result in an equilibrium that strengthens the capacities of public-oriented memory institutions while reducing the incentives - and therefore the dominance - of commercial intermediaries entering this field.
More specifically, I focus on two distinct types of reforms. One type of reform proposals focuses on ex-ante copyright privileges for networked memory institutions. The second type of reforms introduces my novel proposal to impose ex-post obligations on networked memory institutions.
I argue that deprivatization of memory institutions requires also regulation that takes into account and moderates imbalanced proprietary regimes of networked memory institutions. Based on this argument, I offer a complementary set of reciprocal share-alike obligations that come on top of the general ex-ante privileges that memory institutions should benefit from. From Introduction: Some believe that propertizing value residing in the public domain will produce more social benefit than letting content languish there, while others regard propertization itself as the main threat to the public domain.
In the course of explaining why I embrace this seemingly contradictory perspective, I will offer a map of the public domain.
restricted domain - Перевод на русский - примеры английский | Reverso Context
This map is a useful prelude to a discussion of possible impacts of various legal and policy developments affecting the digital public domain. Some initiatives, I will argue, would have adverse effects on the digital public domain, while others may not. Domain name — A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority, or control in the Internet.
Growth factor-like domain — A growth factor like domain GFLD is a protein domain structurally related to epidermal growth factor, which has a high binding affinity for the epidermal growth factor receptor.
Law ultimate ownership and control over the use of land. Epidermal growth factor receptor — This article is about a cell surface receptor. For estimated measure of kidney function eGFRsee Glomerular filtration rate.
Определение THE PROLETARIAT в кембриджском словаре английского языка
Мы используем куки для наилучшего представления нашего сайта. Продолжая использовать данный сайт, вы соглашаетесь с. С русского на: Lastly, he would be grateful to know the duration of alternative service as compared to regular military service and whether such alternative service was restricted to the military domain. Наконец, он был бы признателен за получение информации о продолжительности альтернативной службы по сравнению с обычной военной службой и о том, ограничена ли такая альтернативная служба военной сферой.
Effective top-level domain eTLD service better restricts cookies and other restricted content to a single domain. Служба эффективных доменов верхнего уровня eTLD лучше ограничивает cookies и другую служебную информацию рамками одного домена.
Article 96 of the decree-law of transition has restricted the field of action of the National Assembly to certain matters that constitute the legislative domain. Статья 96 декрета-закона о переходном периоде ограничила вмешательство Национального собрания некоторыми вопросами, составляющими область законодательства.
Перевод "restricted domain" на русский
Despite strong opposition, religions have not remained restricted to the private realm and have found their way out into the social and public domain. Несмотря на сильное противодействие, религии не остались ограниченными только частной сферой жизни, а нашли свой выход в сферу социально-общественных отношений. In addition, in line with the general purposes of the TRIPS Agreement, intellectual property rights may be restricted in the public interest, for instance through the doctrine of eminent domain.
Кроме того, согласно общим целям Соглашения по ТРИПС, права интеллектуальной собственности могут ограничиваться в общественных интересах, например на основании концепции принудительного отчуждения. Кроме того, к числу специфических гендерных факторов, сужающих возможности женщин в плане приспособления к новым ситуациям, относятся ограниченная мобильность и отсутствие доступа к государственной службе. The applicable legislation in that area had in no way, however, restricted the use of the Internet, considering that the number of domain names currently registered in Kazakhstan was higher than it had been before the law had been passed.